Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)

PVC, or Polyvinyl chloride:  is one of the earliest plastics, and is also one of the most extensively used. It is derived from salt (57%) and oil or gas (43%).

More Information on PVC

  • History

    PVC was first created thanks to multiple and accidental discoveries at different times during the 19th century. In 1913 the German Friedrich Heinrich August Klatte became the first inventor to receive a patent for PVC with a polymerization method for vinyl chloride using sunlight. However no useful purpose for PVC was found until the 1920s when Waldo Semon, an American industrial scientist, made PVC a more functional material while trying to create a synthetic replacement for natural rubber.

    Sales took off eventually when PVC started being used as a water resistant coating for fabrics. Demand accelerated even more during the Second World War when it became the standard insulation for wiring on military ships, thanks to its superior safety and non-flammable electrical properties. Over the next decades, many more companies started to produce PVC and volumes increased dramatically. Developers quickly found further, innovative uses and refined manufacturing methods to improve durability, opening the door to applications in the construction sector.

  • Properties

  • Applications

  • Processes

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