The story of Fluoropolymers began on April 6, 1938, at DuPont's Jackson Laboratory in New Jersey. Dr. Roy J. Plunkett’s first assignment at DuPont was researching new chlorofluorocarbon refrigerants. Plunkett had produced 100 pounds of tetrafluoroethylene gas (TFE) and stored it in small cylinders at very low temperatures preparatory to chlorinating it. When he and his helper prepared a cylinder for use, none of the gas came out—yet the cylinder weighed the same as before. They opened it and found a white powder, which Plunkett had the presence of mind to characterise. He found the substance to be heat resistant and chemically inert and to have very low surface friction.

PTFE is inert to virtually all chemicals and is considered the most slippery material in existence. These properties have made it one of the most valuable and versatile materials ever invented, contributing to significant advancement in areas such as aerospace, communications, electronics, industrial processes and architecture.

PTFE has become recognised worldwide for the superior non-stick properties associated with its use as a coating on cookware and as a soil and stain repellent for fabrics and textile products.

Following the discovery of PTFE a large family of other fluoropolymers has been developed. The introduction of the combination of fluorinated or non fluorinated monomers allowed the industry to design a large number of different polymers with a wide range of processing and use temperatures.
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